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Herbert and Elinor Nootbaar Institute on Law, Religion and Ethics

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About the Institute

The Institute's purpose is to explore the nexus between law, religion, and ethics. It provides students and faculty the opportunity to explore these areas through interdisciplinary seminars, conferences, and symposia.

Vision

Religious views of law vary greatly, with some people celebrating law, some condemning it, some speaking prophetically to it, and others just wanting law to leave them alone. Legal views of religion vary greatly as well, with some people welcoming religious views to the public square and others wishing to exclude them.

Recognizing the great value in ecumenical exploration of an understanding of law and religion, we seek to draw from a broad range of religious and legal voices on the relationship between law and religion. While affirming Pepperdine University's Christian identity, the Institute attempts to draw from the diverse range of religious voices represented by our faculty and student body, seeking dialogue and common ground among faith traditions.

In practical terms, religion often provides the motivation and law provides the tools for religious lawyers to fulfill their vocational mission in life. The mission of Pepperdine Law School is to train lawyers to become servants of others. This mission is striking in an environment where most of the public believes that the primary goal of lawyers is pecuniary and temporal success. But what is even more distinctive about Pepperdine Law School is the motivation behind this mission - we aspire to train our students to be servants because we believe a Christian perspective on the practice of law requires such a vocation. The Institute seeks to further advance this mission.

Much of our law is rooted in religion. Religion is the source of the ethical values of most people and law reflects ethical values setting minimum standards with which citizens must comply. When the values reflected in a country's laws stray too far from the values of its people, those laws are likely to lose support, leaving coercive force as the only means of obtaining compliance. At times, law and religion are in tension. Religious voices can speak prophetically to those in power when law is used as an instrument of oppression. Often, the religious call for mercy softens law's call for retribution. Sometimes, religion is the source of oppression. Law may need to place limits on religious leaders when they abuse their powers.

One of the great gifts of the United States to the world is its understanding of religion's importance to a nation's well-being and its simultaneous resolve against legally established or coerced faith. Coerced belief is a contradiction in terms. But where acknowledgment of faith's importance to law ends and coercion begins is a sensitive and often difficult question. The tensions created by a set of laws grounded in religious faith, and yet providing for the institutional separation between church and state, provides great opportunity for academic exploration.

The Institute sponsors conferences addressing the broad range of issues at the intersection of law, religion, and ethics. These issues include morality and the practice of law, bio-ethical legal issues, constitutional religious issues, clergy sexual abuse, religious lobbying, litigation within religious organizations before ecclesiastical courts, international human rights, tax exempt organizations, politics and the pulpit, government funding for faith-based services, law and poverty, and family law.